You probably don't think buying a lighting fixture for a room is all that
complicated. It isn't. However, it does require you to consider which types of
lighting you may need. According to the Lighting Association, there are
1. General lighting. By far the most common, this is the type of lighting
that is designed to create a functional brightness that spreads
throughout a room. A good example is a main ceiling light.
2. Task lighting. As the name implies, this type provides extra light
needed for a specific task, such as working at a desk or chopping
onions on a kitchen countertop. A bedside lamp used for reading is
another example of task lighting.
3. Accent lighting. This type is designed to set off a particular feature
of a room, such as a painting. It creates some practical light, but its
main purpose is to add to the overall decor.
When choosing lighting for a room, it's important to consider these three
types. First, decide how best to light the space generally. Then think about
any special lighting you might need for specific functions, such as reading.
Finally, consider how accent lighting might add to the overall look.